A visit to the gynecologist is recommended for yearly screening and whenever a woman has concerns about symptoms such as pelvic, vulvar and vaginal pain or abnormal bleeding from the uterus.

Conditions commonly treated by gynecologists include:

  • problems related to pregnancy, fertility, menstruation and menopause
  • family planning, including contraception, sterilization and abortion
  • problems with the tissues that support the pelvic organs, including ligaments and muscles
  • sexually transmitted diseases
  • polycystic ovary syndrome
  • urinary and faecal incontinence
  • benign conditions of the reproductive tract, eg ovarian cysts, fibroids, breast disorders, vulvar and vaginal ulcers, and other noncancerous changes
  • precancerous conditions, such as endometrial hyperplasia and cervical dysplasia
  • cancers of the reproductive tract and breasts and pregnancy-related cancers
  • congenital anomalies of the female reproductive tract
  • emergency care related to gynecology
  • endometriosis, a chronic condition affecting the reproductive system
  • pelvic inflammatory diseases, including abscesses
  • sexuality, including health issues related to same-sex and bisexual relationships
  • sexual dysfunction

Gynecologists in the United States often offer gynecological and general health care, including preventive medicine for women and the diagnosis and treatment of problems such as headaches, low back pain, mood changes, and acne.

They can also treat:

  • asma
  • psychiatric conditions such as depression and personality disorders
  • cardiovascular disease
  • diabetes
  • thyroid disorders and other hormonal problems
  • domestic violence and sexual assault
  • osteoporosis

Preventive medicine can include lifestyle advice on issues such as quitting smoking and losing weight.

Katherine Johnson, M.D., is a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist with clinical expertise in general obstetrics and gynecology, family planning, women’s health, and gynecology.

She is affiliated with the Obstetrics and Gynecology division at an undisclosed healthcare institution and the online platform,

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